Oww… My Head Hurts – Determining Your Headache Type

Categories: Featured, Headaches, Integrative Health

migraine1 Oww... My Head Hurts   Determining Your Headache Type

There are many types of headaches

Oww… My Head Hurts

Headaches are one of the most common health complaints.  Almost every person will experience a headache at some point during their life (imagine being one of the few who never gets a headache!)

The majority of headaches can be classified as vascular (migraine and cluster headaches), tension headaches or a mixture of the two.  Less frequent causes of headaches include trauma, dental pain, jaw disorders, neck disorders, sinus pain and tumours.

So, with so many different types of headaches, knowing what kind of headache you have is important for you to understand and will have a big impact on conventional and Naturopathic treatment of your headache.

The Most Common Headaches

The most common headache types seen in clinical practice are (from most to least common):

  • Tension Headache
  • Chronic Daily Headache
  • Migraine
  • Cluster Headache

Important Features to Know About Your Headache

When trying to determine what type of headache you have there are a number of features you should consider.

  1. Onset: Does the headache come on suddenly, or slowly over the course of several hours?
  2. Regularity: Does the headache start at the same time everyday?
  3. Laterality: Is the headache on one side, both sides, or everywhere?
  4. Location: Where is the pain the worst?  At the back of the head, top of the head, sides of the head, base of the neck, behind the eyes, or elsewhere?
  5. Pain characteristic: How would you describe the pain?  Dull, band-like, throbbing, pounding, excruciating?
  6. Associated symptoms: Are there any other symptoms associated with the headache?  Any muscle tension, blurred vision, nausea, sensitivity to light, need to move around?
  7. Aggravations: Have you found anything that makes the headache worse?
  8. Ameliorations: Have you found anything that makes the headache better?

Determining Your Headache Type

Taking your answers to the questions above you can match the type of headache that most closely matches the features of your headache.

Migraines
Onset Sudden, occasionally with an ‘aura’ preceding it (a sense that a headache is coming)
Regularity Not typically at the same time everyday, but exposure to triggers (such as sunlight, odours, fatigue or foods) can cause the migraine to occur with some regularity
Laterality One side, or both sides
Location Behind eyes, top of head, temples, sides of head
Pain Characteristic Throbbing, pounding
Associated symptoms Blurred vision

Lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting

Need for avoidance of light (photophobia) and sound (sonophobia)

Aggravations Light, noise, odours
Ameliorations Ergotamine drugs

Caffeine (for some people)

.

Cluster Headaches
Onset Sudden
Regularity Occur in ‘clusters’ – regularly for several weeks or months usually followed by a time with no headaches
Laterality One sided
Location Behind the eyes, at the temples
Pain Characteristic Excruciating, throbbing
Associated symptoms Inability to lie still
Aggravations Very individual – some people have seasonal aggravations (worse in Spring) or time aggravations (worse with no sleep) or foods (alcohol, gluten, etc.)
Ameliorations Rocking, constant movement

.

Tension Headaches
Onset Slowly over the course of hours
Regularity Can be daily or during times of stress
Laterality Depends on location of muscle tension
Location Starts at base of skull or forehead and spreads over the entire head
Pain Characteristic Steady, constant, dull, pressure-sensation
Associated symptoms Muscle tension
Aggravations Stress, tight muscles
Ameliorations Muscle relaxation, massage, stretching

.

Chronic Daily Headaches
Onset Can be migraine-type or tension-type
Regularity Daily
Laterality Depends on type (migraine-type or tension-type)
Location Depends on type (migraine-type or tension-type)
Pain Characteristic Depends on type (migraine-type or tension-type)
Associated symptoms Depends on type (migraine-type or tension-type)
Aggravations Depends on type (migraine-type or tension-type)
Ameliorations Depends on type (migraine-type or tension-type)

What To Do Now?

So now that you have an idea of what kind of headache you have, where do you go from here?  The answer to that is more difficult.  Each type of headache has a different cause and a different treatment.  And each headache sufferer will respond to different interventions.  One person may need additional nutritional support, another person may need relaxation exercises and regular massage therapy, another may respond best to botanical medicine.

This is where Naturopathic Medicine can be extremely helpful for headache sufferers.  Each person is treated as an individual.  Your Naturopathic Doctor will help you determine the root cause of your headaches, and treat accordingly.  A Naturopath will figure out why you have headaches and remove that imbalance, helping you strive for a headache-free life.

Disclaimer

The advice provided in this article is for informational purposes only.  It is meant to augment and not replace consultation with a licensed health care provider.  Consultation with a Naturopathic Doctor or other primary care provider is recommended for anyone suffering from a health problem.

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About the Author

Dr. Lisa Watson is a licensed Naturopathic Doctor (ND) practicing in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Watson advocates the use of natural therapies backed by traditional knowledge and scientific research to help her patients, family, friends and readers to achieve optimal wellness.

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Comments

  1. Online Form Oct 5, 2010

    last week our group held a similar discussion on this subject and you point out something we haven’t covered yet, thanks.

    - Laura

  2. jen Jul 29, 2011

    Thanks, I know now that I am getting migraines

  3. Dreamer Mar 3, 2012

    My head has been hurting for three days, it starts from behind the head. I’m 14. Please help?

  4. drlisawatson Mar 6, 2012

    Sounds like it could be a stress headache. For a headache that is lasting more than 24 hours you should get in to see your Naturopathic Doctor or Medical Doctor to be sure it’s not something more serious.

    Make sure you are well hydrated, well rested and do some relaxation exercises every day.

    Yours in health,
    Lisa

  5. Crisy Katsafanas Mar 20, 2012

    I have had my headache since Friday March 9, 2012. It starts at base of skull or forehead and spreads over the entire head all the way to my neck. It is amazing constant pain with sharp spurts in various locations similar to lightening bolts. The doctor has ordered a CT Scan and my boyfriend says it is just my allergy to pollen in GA.. :(

  6. hewkom Feb 11, 2013

    It is now going on one week and two days for my headache. The best way to describe it is, every time my heart beats I feel it in my head. It’s worse in the back of my neck but pulsates to the top but just on one side. I’ve been to the ER and all they did was give me blood pressure and muscle spasm meds which both make my head hurt even more. I think I might have something more seriously wrong but don’t know what. Can you please help.

  7. drlisawatson Feb 14, 2013

    If the headache is constant and very painful you need to get back to the ER. Take charge of your health – keep going back until someone listens. An unremitting headache can be a sign of something serious. I wish you health and wellness. All the best – Lisa

  8. Myriam Harris Mar 18, 2013

    Hello for the last 3 days I
    Have been waking up with a headache n it hasn’t went away. Its all over my head n goes down to my neck. The light hurts my eyes as well. It seems as if I get sharp pains at the top of head a lot n sometimes worse pain in different spots. I have taken ibuprofen n Advil but it won’t work. I notice that I also have a throbbing pain n my eyes and when I sniff my nose my head hurts worst as if someone is push ny head together on both sides. This is very painful I can’t even hold my head down without my head hurting. I dont know what to do or what kind of headaches I’m having. Please help me with ne information u may have thank u

  9. jawa Apr 12, 2013

    the both sides of my head hurts its been tow days and they won’t stop am 18 and am studying and not that much sleep please tell me what do i do DR.Liza

  10. drlisawatson Apr 12, 2013

    It could be a tension headache, dehydration, lack of sleep or stress. Focus on returning to basics – drink water, get some exercise, find time to sleep. If it doesn’t improve with these measures, get in to a local Naturopathic Doctor for a consult and get to the root of what’s causing your headaches. Yours in health, Lisa.

  11. drlisawatson Apr 12, 2013

    It sounds like it may be a sinus headache. Try using a Neti Pot or do some steam inhalation to clear your sinuses and see if that helps. If the pain is severe get to your medical doctor or naturopathic doctor for an assessment. Headaches are a sign from our bodies that shouldn’t be ignored. ~Lisa

  12. DANIELLE Apr 22, 2013

    I’ve been suffering from headachs or what ever you can call this horrible pain, since i was 7. Im 20 today and still suffering. My headachs can go on for sometimes 2 weeks. i’ve been to several GP’S and none of them seem to find anything wrong. All of them had different explenations and medication and some of the medication actually made the pains worst than it was. everytime the pains is diffrent comes from a different place and have different ways in occuring. sometimes the pain is so bad that i need complete darkness around me with icepacks all over my body and sometimes sleeping takes it away. ive had the best migraine relievers on the market available in south africa and it didnt even relieve the pain. i can use any medication it just doesnt help at all. when the pain starts the only way of getting rid of it is waiting for it to pass by itself.

  13. drlisawatson May 24, 2013

    I’m sorry that you’ve been suffering Danielle. That sounds quite painful. You should consider finding a Naturopathic Doctor to understand what imbalances may be leading to your migraines. A good place to start is with the South Africa Naturopathy Association – http://www.naturopathy.org.za/ I’m sure you could find someone qualified to help you reach your goals.
    Yours in health – Lisa

  14. myriam Jul 27, 2013

    Dr. Lisa ,
    i have this terrible headache for the second day now and with a strange feeling of vibration in my head especially when i move or when i hear some noise …what does that mean and what should i do ? i also have some fever …
    thanks :) )

  15. Mary Macedo Aug 14, 2013

    My head has been hurting since last night it hurts so bad like if someone hit me with a bat at the back of my head.took some pain medicine and still have pain please help

  16. teranika Aug 26, 2013

    i have been having headaches also, trying to avoid going into ER so hopefully you can give me advice ? i have been having pressure around my head eyes and nose area for the past 2weeks also followed by nausea and diarrhea also any suggestions on what it might be ?

  17. teraniks Aug 27, 2013

    For the past 2weeks I have been getting constant headaches, pressure around nose and eyes followed by nausea at times. Any suggestions on what it can be?.

  18. drlisawatson Aug 30, 2013

    It sounds like you may have a sinus infection. The increase in pressure in your sinuses can lead to quite painful headaches. You may need some immune support to help clear your sinuses and resolve your headaches.
    ~ Yours in health, Lisa

  19. drlisawatson Aug 30, 2013

    If you have no history of headaches and you have a headache that comes on suddenly and with such intensity you should consider going to your doctor or the ER. There are many things that can cause headache – from atmospheric pressure changes, food sensitivities, muscular tension, dehydration or something more serious. It’s worth getting checked out.
    ~ Yours in health, Lisa

  20. drlisawatson Aug 30, 2013

    Sorry for the delay in responding Myriam! I hope you are doing better now. Sounds like maybe an ear infection?
    ~ Yours in health, Lisa

  21. kgray Jan 5, 2014

    Dr. Lisa, Are there any links to high blood pressure and headaches?

  22. drlisawatson Feb 28, 2014

    Yes. There are strong links between high blood pressure and headaches. Because most headaches are vascular in origin any changes in the flow of blood through that vascular system can lead to headaches. If you have high blood pressure and headaches you should see a Doctor or a Naturopathic Doctor to help get your blood pressure down.

    ~Lisa

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