40 Vegan Calcium Sources

Categories: Featured, Nutrition

We all know that calcium is an essential mineral that is used by the body to build and maintain healthy bones and teeth.  But did you know that calcium is also used for blood clotting, nerve conduction, muscle contraction, regulation of enzymes and cell membrane function?  That is one useful mineral!

fig calcium 40 Vegan Calcium Sources

Figs are a vegan source of calcium

If we aren’t consuming enough calcium in our diet, our body will take the calcium it needs from our bones – leading to osteomalacia (softening of the bones) and, along with other factors, to osteoporosis.  If children don’t consume adequate calcium they will not have healthy bone mineralization which can lead to rickets and lifelong low bone mineral density.

Calcium and a vegan diet

One of the concerns people express when they learn I’m raising my children as vegetarians is “how are they getting calcium if they aren’t drinking milk?”.  It’s impressive how well the dairy industry has marketed milk as the only dietary source of calcium!  But there are many plant-based sources of calcium – and it’s not hard to reach your daily calcium needs by eating these common (and delicious!) foods – usually just 2-4 servings a day is more than enough.

Daily Recommended Allowance of Calcium 

AgeDaily recommended allowanceTolerable upper intake level per day
Infant 0-6 months200 mg1000 mg
Infant 7-12 months260 mg 1500 mg
Children 1-3 years700 mg2500 mg
Children 4-8 years1000 mg 2500 mg
Children 9-18 years1300 mg3000 mg
Adult 19-50 years1000 mg 2500 mg
Adult 51+ years - male1000 mg2000 mg
Adult 51+ years - female1200 mg2000 mg
Pregnancy and lactation - 14-18 years1300 mg3000 mg
Pregnancy and lactation - 19-50 years1000 mg2500 mg

To enhance absorption of calcium, you should also make sure you are getting enough vitamin D.  That means 20 minutes of direct sunlight every day from May-October and a daily vitamin D supplement during Canadian winters (November to April).  Inadequate stomach acid also reduces calcium absorption.  Discuss with your Naturopathic Doctor whether this may be an issue for you.

40 Vegan Sources of Calcium

Vegetables (per cup)

kale calcium 300x201 40 Vegan Calcium Sources

Kale is a vegan source of calcium

Bok choy (cooked) – 330 mg
Kale – 180mg
Bean sprouts – 320 mg
Spinach (cooked) – 250 mg
Collard greens (cooked) – 260 mg
Mustard greens (cooked) – 100 mg
Turnip greens (cooked) – 200 mg
Swiss chard (cooked) – 100 mg
Seaweed (Wakame) – 120mg
Okra – 130 mg
Broccoli – 45 mg
Fennel – 45 mg
Artichoke – 55 mg
Celery – 40 mg
Leeks – 55 mg

Nuts, nut butters and seedsnuts calcium 300x232 40 Vegan Calcium Sources

Almonds (1/4 cup) – 95 mg
Brazil nuts (1/4 cup) – 55 mg
Hazelnuts (1/4 cup) – 55 mg
Almond butter (1 tbsp) – 43 mg
Sesame seeds (1 tbsp) – 63 mg
Tahini (1 tbsp) – 65 mg

Grains

Cereals (calcium fortified, ½ cup) – 250 to 500 mg
Amaranth (cooked, ½ cup) – 135 mg
Brown rice (cooked, 1 cup) – 50 mg
Quinoa (cooked, 1 cup) – 80 mg

Legumes and beans

Chickpeas (cooked, 1 cup) – 80 mg
Pinto beans (cooked, 1 cup) – 75 mg
Soy beans (cooked, 1 cup) – 200 mg
Tofu (soft or firm, 4 oz) – 120 – 400mg
Tempeh (1 cup) – 150 mg
Navy beans (1 cup) – 110 mg
White beans (cooked, 1 cup) – 140 mg

Fruit (per cup)kiwi calcium1 300x225 40 Vegan Calcium Sources

Figs (dried) – 300 mg
Apricots (dried) – 75mg
Kiwi – 60mg
Rhubarb (cooked) – 350 mg
Orange – 70 mg
Prunes – 75 mg
Blackberries – 40 mg

Miscellaneous

Blackstrap molasses (1 tbsp) – 135 mg

Disclaimer

The advice provided in this article is for informational purposes only.  It is meant to augment and not replace consultation with a licensed health care provider.  Consultation with a Naturopathic Doctor or other primary care provider is recommended for anyone suffering from a health problem.

References:

Health Canada.  Vitamin D and Calcium: Updated Dietary Reference Intakes. http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/nutrition/vitamin/vita-d-eng.php.  Accessed January 31, 2012

pf button big 40 Vegan Calcium Sources

About the Author

Dr. Lisa Watson is a licensed Naturopathic Doctor (ND) practicing in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Watson advocates the use of natural therapies backed by traditional knowledge and scientific research to help her patients, family, friends and readers to achieve optimal wellness.

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Comments

  1. vegan diet Jun 17, 2013

    Great post.

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